Research overview

The Research section includes these bibliographies:

For background, see A brief history of research on finasteride and Sources on the early history of finasteride.

About the bibliographies

The beginnings of this site are in a bibliography. I sought to gather in one place all the literature related to adverse effects of finasteride, with direct links to articles and PubMed records. This effort eventually led to a 1974 paper by Julianne Imperato-McGinley and colleagues called ‘Steroid 5alpha-reductase deficiency in man: an inherited form of male pseudohermaphroditism‘. This paper prompted Merck to develop the 5-alpha reductase drug class as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia and hair loss.

Selection principles

A key principle from the beginning has been to include all papers on the topic, not just those supporting a point of view. So, for example, the bibliography includes the sensationally titled paper: “Post-Finasteride Syndrome: An Induced Delusional Disorder with the Potential of a Mass Psychogenic Illness?” by Trüeb et al. (the article turns out to be a single case report). There are papers that report null results, papers that conclude finasteride has an acceptable safety profile, and commentaries that express skepticism about the validity of ‘post-finasteride syndrome.’

The vast majority of papers are from peer-reviewed journals indexed by PubMed. Papers published in journal supplements, such as conference papers, may not have gone through the journal’s standard peer review process. Titles of these articles may start with a number, for example: ‘0917 Finasteride is Associated with a Higher Odds of Obstructive Sleep Apnea…’

Getting access to full text

  • Some links to full text are provided in citations (e.g., ‘PMC full text’).
  • Check for full text buttons in PubMed as shown on this page.
  • Articles published in Elsevier journals may be requested through the Access for healthcare professionals & patients program.
  • In the United States, articles may be requested through your public library’s interlibrary loan service.
  • Copies or pre-prints may be requested from the corresponding author. Look for their email on the article page, available by clicking the article’s DOI link.
  • This article from the Ronin Institute has more suggestions: Library / journal access.


Send suggestions to finasteride.research [at]