Dermatology

In co-author lists, Merck researchers appear in italics.


Wilma Bergfeld, MD
Cleveland Clinic (Profile)

  • Merck ties
    • Finasteride Male Pattern Hair Loss studies
      • Investigator, Studies 047, 081, 087
  • Papers
  • Co-authors: Gormley, Kaufman, Waldstreicher, Drake, Imperato-McGinley, Olsen, Price, Roberts, Shapiro, Stough, Tosti, Washenik, Whiting
  • American Academy of Dermatology
    • Board member, 1982–1986
    • President, 1992 (first woman elected as President)
  • Other industry ties (source: Olsen et al, 2018)
    • Consultant for Concert, Cassiopeia, Aclaris, P&G and Pfizer
    • Consultant and investigator for Allergan
    • Advisory board member for J&J, Samumed, Kythera and Incyte
    • Unspecified relationship with UpToDate
  • Professional recognition

Lynn Drake, MD
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

  • Merck ties
    • Finasteride Male Pattern Hair Loss studies
      • Investigator, Studies 081, 087
  • Papers
  • Co-authors: Gormley, Kaufman, Waldstreicher, Bergfeld, Imperato-McGinley, Olsen, Price, Roberts, Stough, Whiting
  • American Academy of Dermatology
    • Board member, 1988–1992
    • President, 1998
  • Authored over 130 scientific articles including 48 guidelines of care for dermatology
  • 2020 inductee into Dermatology Hall of Fame (profile)

Elise Olsen, MD
Professor of Dermatology and of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine (profile)

  • Merck ties
    • Finasteride Male Pattern Hair Loss studies
      • Investigator, Studies 047, 081, 087
  • GSK ties
    • Dutasteride Alopecia Research Team
      • Received study grant
      • Consultant
  • Co-authors: Gormley, Kaufman, Round, Waldstreicher, Rittmaster (GSK), Imperato-McGinley, Price, Roberts, Shapiro, Stough, Washenik, Whiting
  • Papers
  • American Academy of Dermatology
    • Board Member, 2008–2012
    • Vice President, 2014
  • Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
    • Assistant Editor, 1999, 2002, 2006 (verified but full date range unconfirmed)

Vera Price, MD
Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco

  • Merck ties
    • Finasteride Male Pattern Hair Loss studies
      • Investigator, Studies 081, 087
    • Consultant (see Price 1999b)
  • Consultant to Pharmacia & Upjohn, sponsor of minoxidil (see Price 1999b)
  • Investigator in trials of finasteride and minoxidil sponsored by the University of California (see Price 1999b)
  • Co-authors: Gormley, Kaufman, Waldstreicher, Imperato-McGinley, Olsen, Roberts, Shapiro, Stough, Whiting
  • Papers
  • American Academy of Dermatology
    • Board Member, 1983–1987

Janet Roberts, MD
Northwest Cutaneous Research Specialists, Portland, OR; Oregon Health and Science University


Jerry Shapiro, MD
Department of Dermatology, University of British Columbia & Vancouver General Hospital; later moved to NYU Langone Medical Center

  • Merck ties
    • Finasteride Male Pattern Hair Loss studies
      • Investigator, Study 089
    • Consultant and speaker (disclosed in Fertig et al, 2017)
  • Co-authors: Gormley, Kaufman, Round, Stoner, Bergfeld, Olsen, Price, Roberts, Stough, Tosti, Washenik, Whiting
  • Papers
    • Kaufman 1998
    • Shapiro 1998
    • Shapiro 2003
    • Olsen 2005
    • Fertig 2017 – Investigation of the plausibility of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor syndrome
    • Young 2023 – Focused on telehealth company Keeps where Dr. Shapiro is an Advisor. Co-authored with a Keeps medical officer, an executive of parent company Thirty Madison, and Dr. Antonella Tosti (details below).
  • Engagements with industry*
    • Since mid-2020, Advisor to Thirty Madison, owner of telehealth company Keeps (Advisor profile) (along with Dr. Antonella Tosti)
    • Former investigator, consultant and speaker for Merck’s launch of Propecia
    • Other engagements with: Aclaris Therapeutics (c), Applied Biology, Bayer (c), DS Laboratories, Eirion, Incyte (c), Johnson & Johnson (c), Kythera (c), L’Oreal Paris (c), Eli Lilly, Pfizer, RegenLab (i), RepliCel Life Sciences (c,cf,st), Samumed (c)
  • Publishing: Up to Date (author)
  • Editorial roles
    • Regional Editor, International Journal of Trichology
    • Member, Editorial Board of Skin Appendage Disorders
    • Member, Editorial Board of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2006–2011 (sources: 2006 issue & conference biography)
  • Board positions
    • National Alopecia Areata Foundation – Scientific Board Member
    • Cicatricial Alopecia Research Foundation – Board of Directors

* Key: a, author; b, Board of Directors; c, consultant; cf, cofounder; i, investigator; sp, speaker; st, stockholder. Sources: Fertig et al, 2017; Ho & Shapiro 2019; Young et al, 2023.


Antonella Tosti, MD
As of 2004: Department of Dermatology, University of Bologna
Moved to University of Miami in 2010 according to a Keeps profile

  • Merck ties
    • Consultant and speaker (disclosed as ‘over 3 years ago’ in Fertig 2017; dates unknown)
  • Co-authors: Kaufman, Roberts, Shapiro, Whiting
  • Papers
    • Dr. Tosti was an author or co-author of 30 papers in which finasteride is mentioned (per PubMed search)
  • Engagements with industry*
    • Since mid-2020, Advisor to Thirty Madison, owner of telehealth company Keeps (Advisor profile), along with Dr. Jerry Shapiro
    • Co-author of finasteride trial report with Merck researchers; former consultant and speaker for Merck.
    • Other engagements: Aclaris (a), Almirall, Bristol Myers Squibb, DS Laboratories (c), Eli Lilly, Incyte (c,i), Kythera (c), Monat Global, Myovant, Nutrafol, P&G (c), Pfizer, Polichem (c), Procter & Gamble
  • Editorial roles
    • Editor-in-Chief (one of two) of Skin Appendage Disorders
    • Member, Editorial Board of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (1998–2000, 2002; full range unknown)
  • Publishing
    • Unspecified ties to Karger, Taylor & Francis and Springer Verlag
  • Board position: National Alopecia Areata Foundation (Scientific Board Member)

* Key: a, author; c, consultant/advisory board; cf, cofounder; i, investigator; sp, speaker; st, stockholder. Sources: Fertig et al, 2017; Gupta et al, 2019; Olsen et al, 2018; Young et al, 2023.


David Whiting, MD (d. 2018)
Departments of Dermatology and Pediatrics, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, and the Baylor Hair Research and Treatment Center, Dallas (1999)
Dallas Associated Dermatologists (2003)